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23 most mysterious ancient world wonders
Looking at these architectural works, we modern people can't help but wonder: "I don't understand how the ancient people built them?" Let's explore the 23 wonders of the ancient world below!
1. Machu Picchu (Peru)
In the 15th-16th centuries, Peru's Machu Picchu was the royal garden and sacred religious site of the Inca rulers. A century later, the Spanish invasions brought the Inca civilization to an end. In 1911, people found here more than 3,000 steps and 150 buildings.
2. The Buried City of Pompeii (Italy)
Pompeii is the ruins of a partially buried Roman city-state near Naples, Italy, in what is now the Campania region of the Pompei commune. In 79 AD, the volcano Vesuvius here erupted resulting in more than 2,000 deaths and the whole city was covered in ashes. It was not until 1784 that people discovered this ancient citadel.
3. Stonehenge . Stone Circle
The ancient stone wonder Stonehenge is located in Wiltshire, England. Every year this wonder attracts millions of tourists to visit. It is made up of 100 giant stone blocks. The evolution of Stonehenge in several stages of construction lasted for at least 1500 years.
4. Wonder of Chichen Itza
This is Mexico's Chichen Itza pyramid. Chichen Itza is a pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Mayans, located in the northern center of the Yucatan Peninsula. Historically, it has been on the Mayan Yucatan peninsula for nearly a thousand years.
5. Angkor temple ruins
Located in Cambodia, Angkor covers an area of about 1,036 square kilometers. From the 9th -15th century AD, it was always the capital of the Khmer empire. In the 12th century, its image appeared on the imperial flag.
In AD 70 – 72 (AD is the year of the Lord or the Christian Era), Emperor Vespasian built this arena in the city of Rome as a place of entertainment for the people.
7. Mycenaean Tomb (Greece)
In the early and middle Bronze Age, people lived in the Greek city of Mycenae and many works of art were discovered in these ancient tombs.
8. Easter Island (Chile)
Easter Island is located about 3,700 km off the west coast of Chile. On this island, there are more than 900 stone statues, the weight of each statue is about 13 tons. About the use of these statues is still an unsolved mystery.
9. Wonders of Cappadocia (Turkey)
The Cappadocia wonder in Turkey lies on the foundations of the Hittite empire. Upstream research can find that there have been people living here since the 6th century BC. The special thing is that the houses or temples are all built from chimney-shaped rocky mountains.
10. The Ancient Citadel of Petra
Located between the Red and Dead Seas in Jordan, the ancient city of Petra connects Arabia, Egypt, and the Phoenicians. The citadel is surrounded by mountains and has many red stone statues
11. Roman Baths (UK)
The Roman Baths are one of the most famous British heritage sites today. Roman baths played an important role in the daily bathing rituals of ancient people. In addition to admiring the bath, visitors can also visit the tunnel below.
12. Temple of Artemis (Turkey)
The Turkish city of Ephesus was once the settlement of many empires, such as Greek, Persian, Roman , Byzantine, and Ottoman. In the 2nd century AD, the population here reached 300,000 people.
13. Wonders of Maharashtra (India)
At Maharashtra, India consists of 34 temples and monasteries built on a cliff, it is formed by many caves. This place was built between 600 and 1000 AD for the purpose of paying homage to Buddhism , Hinduism, and Jainism.
14. Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan (Mexico)
The sacred city of Teotihuacán has many giant structures such as the Temple of Quetzalcoatl, the pyramids of the Moon and the Sun. The name of this city means "where the gods were born."
15. Egyptian pyramids
This wonder is located in the North of Egypt, including Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure along the banks of the Nile. These are also the names of the three gods. This wonder of the ancient world was built around 2575-2454 BC.
16. Ancient Roman commercial district
This ancient monument is located in Rome, Italy. In the 7th century, it was the burial place of the Etruscans. It later became the economic, political and cultural center of ancient Rome.
17. Ajanta Caves (India)
Ajanta Cave is located in the state of Maharashtra, India. It consists of 29 caves, of which 5 are temples and 24 are monasteries.
18. Wonders of Mesa Verde National Park, USA
This village is located under a cliff in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado, USA. This was once inhabited by Indians.
19. Wonders of the Ancient World in Bagan (Myanmar)
This place is known as the temple city . It consists of 2,000 temples scattered over an area of 41 square kilometers. In the 9th century, King Anawratha made it the center of the country.
20. Hadrian's Wall (England)
Hadrian's Wall is the largest Roman structure in Britain. It has a length of 130 miles, the highest point is 6 meters. It was built by 15,000 people in 6 years.
21. Wonders of Tulum (Mexico)
Tulum is located in Yucatán, Mexico, in addition to its beautiful beach, there are ancient Mayan ruins built in 564 AD. Tulum in the Yucatec language means "wall."
22. Borobudur Buddhist Temple (Indonesia)
The temple is located in the middle of the island of Java, Indonesia. Borobudur Buddhist Temple was built in the 8th-9th century AD, a three-story building consisting of 72 statues.
23. Carthage (Tunisia)
Located in Tunis, Carthage was formed in the 9th century BC. It is a commercial center empire. But in 146 BC, due to Roman invasions, it was destroyed. Then a new Carthage was built on the old city.
If possible, come to these places to visit and explore with your own eyes to admire the beauty of these wonders!